Cooking Tips Information

What Are Scoville Units?


To understand what a Scoville Unit is, one must understand what they measure. All hot peppers contain capsaicinoids, natural substances that produce a burning sensation in the mouth, causing the eyes to water and the nose to run, and even induce perspiration. The primary capsaicinoid, capsaicin, is so hot that a single drop diluted in 100,000 drops of water will produce a blistering of the tongue.

Capsaicinoids are found primarily in the pepper's placenta - the white "ribs" that run down the middle and along the sides of a pepper. Since the seeds are in such close contact with the ribs, they are also often hot.

Capsaicinoid content is measured in parts per million. These parts per million are converted into Scoville Heat Units (SHU), one part per million is equivalent to 15 Scoville Units. The Scoville Unit is derived from a series of tests using a solution of water and sugar. The dilutions are increased until the chile no longer burns the mouth. Take for example, Blair's After Death Sauce which has been measured at 50,000 Scoville Units. To dilute the heat in one bottle of Blair's After Death, you would need over 3,000 units of water to dilute the heat to the point where the average human tongue could no longer feel it.

The hotter the chile of the sauce, the greater the amount of water required to dilute it becomes. The Scoville Organoleptic Test is still used, however it has mostly been replaced by a process called high performance liquid chromatography. This process converts measurements of capsaicin from the standard parts per million to the more popular Scoville Units.

Surprisingly, the bell pepper is used as a baseline for the Scoville Unit rating. The bell pepper essentially has a rating of zero Scoville Units, thus it acts as the lowest level of heat on the Scoville scale.

On the other end of the scale is the Habanero pepper. At over 300,000 Scoville Units, the Habanero certainly sets the limit as the hottest pepper. The "Red Savina," the hottest strain of the Habanero, has been measured as around 577,000 Scoville Units. Pure capsaicin stacks up at 16 million Scoville Units!!!

Who is Wilbur Scoville?

A brief timeline of the man behind the heat scale

To chileheads and hot sauce lovers, he is the man behind the heat scale. Wilbur Scoville was born in 1865. In 1912 while working for the Parke Davis pharmaceutical company he developed the Scoville Organoleptic Test. In 1922, Scoville won the Ebert prize from the American Pharmaceutical Association and in 1929 he received the Remington Honor Medal. Scoville also received an honorary Doctor of Science from Columbia University.

Scoville wrote The Art of Compounding which was first published in 1895 and has gone through at least 8 editions. The book was used as a pharmacological reference until the 1960's. Scoville also wrote Extract & Perfumes which contained hundreds of formulations -- after all Scoville had a knack for compounding. Scoville died in 1942 but his name will forever go on with the Scoville Heat Unit and in the lives of chili lovers everywhere.

About The Author

I own and operate http://www.sweatnspice.com. We're a growing company that specializes in hard to find hot sauces and fiery foods.

  


MORE RESOURCES:

Hollis chef shares fall cooking tips, tricks
Nashua Telegraph
In a medium saute pan, place olive oil and diced onion and cook over low heat until soft and translucent, about 5-8 minutes. Using a food processor, combine eggs, spinach, kale and herbs. Process until smooth. Add bread crumbs, cheese and seasoning to ...



The Independent

Rick Stein's cooking tips: The king of piscine cuisine reveals how to prepare ...
The Independent
If you're put off cooking fish because of its odour, you're probably buying specimens that have been hanging around the supermarket too long. "Part of the reason that people worry about cooking fish is that it seems alien and it smells weird," says ...



The chomp: College cooking tips
The Independent Florida Alligator (blog)
We're often bombarded with a ton of food options as the school year begins. This is especially true for first-year students who are amazed at how much food is available in the dining halls. However, soon the barrage of free pizza at welcome events is ...



Celebrity Chef to Share Cooking Tips for Restricted Diets At American ...
MarketWatch
Chef McCargo, star of Food Network's “Big Daddy's House,” will share some of his techniques for preparing delicious, kidney-friendly foods – including a recipe for chocolate pancakes with moon pie stuffing – during a live cooking demonstration at 8 p.m ...

and more »


Alie & Georgia: 5 Must-Know Tips for Campfire Cooking
PEOPLE Great Ideas
Alie Ward and Georgia Hardstark, a.k.a. Alie & Georgia, host Cooking Channel food-travel series Tripping Out with Alie & Georgia. Visit PEOPLE.com every Thursday for their playful spins on celebrity recipes, cocktails, entertaining ideas—and, of ...



Fox News

10 tips for the perfect baby back ribs
Fox News
While many people, especially restaurants, will leave this one, it's rather tough and will make the ribs chewy when cooked. To remove, simple take a butter knife and insert it between the bone and membrane in one corner of the rack of ribs, use your ...



TV cooking shows: Do they or can they offer more than cooking tips?
The Independent Florida Alligator
Cooking shows not only provide culinary instruction and consumer tips, but also offer the vicarious pleasures of cooking, eating and simulated companionship with show hosts — all reasons for the food-related networks' irresistible draw for viewers. [A ...



Blogger offers tips for campfire cooking
Appleton Post Crescent
Pay attention to the tips for building your campfire discussed above, because you can't just toss your food into the flames and hope it turns out edible. For any foil wrap campfire cooking, be sure to flip the packet over a few times and check doneness ...



Cooking Creole for one: Marcelle Bienvenu's tips, themes and recipes
The Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Capers and olives from the well-stocked pantry add flavor to Mediterranean-themed dinners for one. (The NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune archive). Print · Marcelle Bienvenu, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune By Marcelle Bienvenu, NOLA.com | The ...



Traditional Desi Cooking Tips
DESIblitz
Our easy and healthy desi cooking tips can make you confident in cooking Indian masalas and making rotis. These tips result in exploding flavours on the lips and no extra inches on the hips! Read more below. By Bandhna Kaur • September 3, 2014.


Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.