Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)


The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.

YAMA(abstention)

There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.

NIYAMA(discipline)

Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.

Premansu_chand@rediffmail.com
http://www.bookstobelievein.com/questfortruth.php

  


MORE RESOURCES:

Michelle Rodriguez Strikes A Yoga Pose In Neon Bikini (PHOTO)
Huffington Post
The "Fast and the Furious" star posted a picture of herself in an impressive yoga headstand next to the luxury car late last week. Donning only a neon pink and black bikini, the actress shared the image on Instagram with a caption expressing her more ...



School yoga program stretches out
U-T San Diego
ENCINITAS — The foundation that created a yoga program that sparked a lawsuit and drew international attention to the Encinitas Union School District has quietly introduced similar programs to two other county schools and to schools in New York.
Group seeks to expand yoga in public schools in San Diego and nationwideSan Diego 6

all 2 news articles »


4 Reasons You Should Start Practicing Yoga Today
Huffington Post (blog)
Yoga teachers like to talk. Not all but some of them tend to go on and on about their rent, boyfriends, etc....happy, I suspect, to have a captive audience. The thing is, almost all of them are under 40, and when they talk about the many benefits of ...



The Baylor Lariat

Students merge yoga, faith in business model
The Baylor Lariat
Austin senior Grace Hodges and New Boston, Mich., junior Curtis Smith created Lotus Athletic Wear, a clothing company that has begun making headbands this semester. Their products will be featured at the Yoga Bar, a hot yoga studio in Waco, starting ...



Yoga 101: Bikram Yoga Versus Hatha Yoga
One Green Planet
If you're new to yoga, sorting through all the different types can be slightly confusing. Vinyasa, Bikram, Hatha…and the list goes on. To help you get orientated with a few of these types, let's compare Bikram and Hatha, two common offerings at many ...



WATCH: Israel takes yoga to a whole new level
Jerusalem Post
When I have tried yoga in the past, instead of drifting into spiritual abyss, my mind wanders. I tend to sit there wondering what my Mum is doing, how I need to go food shopping and what I need to do before the weekend. I can't make my mind be silent.



Pancho the Chihuahua Is Excellent at Yoga
Gawker
Meet Pancho the chihuahua. As you can see in the above video, Pancho is pretty good at yoga. Cobra pose, downward dog, various stretches: this little guy can do it all. Sure, there are some yoga dog truthers out there, who say things like "It's not ...
Dog Does Yoga, And More Of 'What's Trending Today' With ZahraCBS Local

all 2 news articles »


IU Health and Vitality: Iron and heart disease, animal memory, and yoga tips
IU Bloomington Newsroom
A new study from the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington has bolstered the link between red meat consumption and heart disease by finding a strong association between heme iron, found only in meat, and potentially deadly coronary ...

and more »


Integrated Health Yoga Therapy Rewards Teachers, Studios
Broadway World
Integrated Health Yoga Therapy (http://www.ihyt.org/) is seeking like-minded yoga professionals who share a vision of merging yoga and health care, with a new program in 2014 rewarding yoga studios and/or teachers with up to $350 for referring their ...

and more »


Zee News

Demi Moore Planning Yoga Retreat In India During Ashton Kutcher's Wedding ...
Radar Online
Demi Moore wants nothing to do with ex-husband Ashton Kutcher's upcoming wedding to pregnant girlfriend Mila Kunis, so she's planned a relaxing out-of-town yoga retreat, RadarOnline.com has exclusively learned. According to an insider, Moore, 51, ...
Demi Moore to head to India for yoga trip to avoid Ashton Kutcher`s wedding?Zee News
Demi Moore Heading to Yoga Retreat When Ashton Kutcher Marries Mila KunisWebProNews
Demi Moore ''planning Yoga trip to India to avoid Mila Kunis and Ashton ...Mirror.co.uk
Indian Express -Daily News & Analysis -Guardian Liberty Voice
all 192 news articles »

Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.