Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)


The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.

YAMA(abstention)

There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.

NIYAMA(discipline)

Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.

Premansu_chand@rediffmail.com
http://www.bookstobelievein.com/questfortruth.php

  


MORE RESOURCES:

Indianapolis Star

How to get your yoga workout without spending a fortune
Indianapolis Star
One of the longest-running programs are Growing Places Indy's seasonal yoga classes. Growing Places Indy, an agriculture and health nonprofit, holds yoga classes at the Indy Bike Hub YMCA during the Indy Winter Farmers Market, said Laura Henderson, ...



Christian Post

Lenovo Yoga Tablet 2 Pro features a new built-in projector, thanks to Ashton ...
ChristianToday
Developed by actor Ashton Kutcher who currently works as a product engineer for Lenovo, the YOGA Tablet 2 Pro has been designed as a highly improved tablet with a built-in projector as its special feature. The device is then expected to broadcast ...
Lenovo Yoga Tablet 2 and Yoga Tablet 2 Pro Available on Flipkart in IndiaChristian Post
Taking A Look At The Lenova Yoga Tablet Pro 2The Gamer Headlines
Lenovo Yoga Tablet 2 8 First Look: Designed To Deliver Differentiated ExperienceGizbot
Financial Express
all 7 news articles »


Why So Many Women Are Crying at the Gym
TIME
Two dozen women in yoga pants and sports bras sprint in place behind her, eyes closed, arms flailing. Sweat is flying. The Beastie Boys' “Sabotage” is blaring in the background. There are grunts and screams. “Hell yes!” a woman bellows. When the song ...



Daily Record

Madison's Yoga legend battling cancer
Daily Record
Even as she faces resuming chemo on Oct. 23, the soft-spoken teacher has not lost her serene nature or unswerving devotion to yoga that has, since the mid-1980s, drawn thousands of students up the long staircase of the James Building on Green Village ...



Teach me how to hobby: Yoga/Meditation
Dailyuw
There's a sign on the Ave, an advertisement for hot yoga, that reads: “Do hot yoga, look better naked.” I hate that sign. I've been doing yoga and meditation for years. One of my goals in the next few years is to get yoga-instructor certified so I can ...

and more »


'Yoga Joe' figurines aim to make yoga more manly
ArmyTimes.com
“I thought maybe it could get more men and young boys into yoga, and maybe a generation of children might look at the practice differently,” Abramson, 30, tells Military Times. “I also thought it could help military folks get over their own hang-ups ...

and more »


Pole dancing, bubble soccer and aerial yoga … meet the new 'carnival of fitness'
Washington Post
This, says Lori Lowell, is the new yoga: Two DJs on stage, a rapper, perhaps a human beat boxer, and somewhere in the mix, an instructor leading students through an hour's worth of poses. Lowell, who owns the newly opened Gold's Gym Elite Training ...



Yoga on Tap ties together peaceful workouts, beer
Charlotte Observer
3) And because it's massively popular, it transforms the gravel space adjacent to the beer garden at the Olde Mecklenburg Brewery into a sea of yoga pants for an hour, with mats arranged bumper to bumper just a few dozen feet from where gallons of grog ...



Women Are Going Crazy Over These No-Underwear Yoga Pants
Business Insider
Founder and CEO Julie Sygiel developed underwear with a "silky soft, patent-pending fabric" that is wicking, stain releasing, and leak resistant. Using the same technology, she's created the first ever line of yoga pants designed to be worn without ...

and more »


Lenovo Yoga Tablet 2: Android and Windows Tablets for Business
Business News Daily
Lenovo is at it again. If you're a fan of its lightweight, super-flexible Yoga line, the company has announced not just one, but two more models to fit your small business needs. Right on the trail of the 13-inch Yoga Tablet 2 Pro — which features a ...

and more »

Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.