Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)


The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.

YAMA(abstention)

There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.

NIYAMA(discipline)

Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.

Premansu_chand@rediffmail.com
http://www.bookstobelievein.com/questfortruth.php

  


MORE RESOURCES:

Indian Country Today Media Network

Well For Culture: Christine Means Finds Strength With Yoga
Indian Country Today Media Network
“I teach yoga to elders in the Pueblo communities,” she told me when we first met last summer. The thought alone put a smile on my face. That is a truly awesome occupation. Christine Means realized years ago that in order to make big changes in the ...



13WMAZ

Sonny Carter students practice yoga for fundraiser
13WMAZ
Some students at Bibb County's Sonny Carter Elementary got to have some fun Friday by doing yoga. 15 kids were selected from a drawing to take part in the class. It was all a part of the Junior Beta Club's shamrock sale benefiting the Muscular ...



Fox News

Former NFL linebacker-turned-yoga teacher works with veterans, children
Fox News
Most people perceive professional athletes as strong, aggressive and driven. As a National Football League linebacker, Keith Mitchell possessed all three of those qualities— but in 2003, a paralyzing injury during a routine play shook up his reality ...



KPRC Houston

Yoga for Super Bowl stars, weekend warriors
KPRC Houston
There's been a lot of buzz about the "zen" of the Seattle Seahawks. Some people are wondering whether their regular yoga and meditation sessions give them an edge over the competition. Fact is, many teams and individual players across the NFL have ...

and more »


KKCO-TV

Colorado halts yoga teacher-training certification for two months
The Denver Post
Impassioned yoga teachers on Tuesday implored a state board that oversees private occupational schools to dump rules requiring they be certified, saying yoga isn't about "gainful employment" but a journey of self-fulfillment. Although the board ...
Yoga regulations could make business tougher for some studiosKKCO-TV

all 7 news articles »


CNBC

Footwear for yoga? This brand is betting on it
CNBC
Dubbed YogaSport, Ahnu's line includes four styles that target three types of yoga exercises: on-the-mat yoga; low-impact activities such as yoga sculpt; and high-impact yoga classes such as TRX suspension training, which includes yoga-based poses.



CNN

Sit smarter with yoga
CNN
Dana Santas is the creator of Radius Yoga Conditioning, a yoga style designed to help athletes move, breathe and focus better. She's the yoga trainer for the Atlanta Braves, the Philadelphia Phillies, the Tampa Bay Rays, Tampa Bay Lightning, Orlando ...

and more »


Cincinnati.com

New faith-based yoga studio opens in Mariemont
Cincinnati.com
MARIEMONT – A new studio has a Christian approach to yoga. Mariemont resident Brenda Westfall opened Worthy Yoga last fall in the Mariemont business district. Instead of focusing on Eastern philosophy, Worthy Yoga approaches the discipline from a ...



Blog: New variation on online yoga classes
Colorado Springs Gazette (blog)
I just stumbled upon Audible Yoga, another subscription-based online offering. This one's a little different from other online yoga classes, like YogaGlo, which lets subscribers choose from a variety of classes on video. Audible Yoga provides just the ...



The power of exercise: yoga and pilates during pregnancy
myfox8.com
Because of the tremendous benefits of both prenatal and postnatal exercise, Cone Health Women's Hospital offers weekly, regularly scheduled prenatal and postnatal yoga and Pilates classes lead by specially certified fitness instructors for women in the ...


Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.