Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)

The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.


There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.


Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.



Lincoln Journal Star

Catholic bishop tells women to abstain from yoga
Lincoln Journal Star
Indeed, Catholicism is not the only Christian-based faith that takes issue with yoga. Evangelicals have long preached yoga-avoidance -- because the chants, poses and movement names all connect to the ancient Hindu religion and the individual quest for ...

and more »

7 Things No One Tells You About Hot Yoga
Huffington Post
Because we know plenty of people who get terrified looks on their faces whenever hot yoga is mentioned, we decided to check in with a few flow-based hot yoga studios in New York City to get a few facts and tips. So, in addition to preparing to sweat ...

What I Learned From Horses About Yoga and Life
Huffington Post
Recently, I had an unexpected opportunity to spend two days at a yoga retreat center in Vermont with about 20 other yoga teachers from the East Coast. The Stowe Mountain Ranch Yoga Retreat Center is particularly known for its "Yoga With Horses Program" ...

Learn more about the Joy of Yoga
ST. LOUIS, MO (KTVI) – If you're looking for a great way relieve stress while improving your strength and flexibility you might want consider giving yoga a try. Annie Trachsel and Joy Montes are co-owners of Joy of Yoga. They show some simple poses and ...

Los Angeles Times

Field of ... yoga? Fans strike some poses after Dodgers game
Los Angeles Times
"It was really a beautiful thing," said Mia Togo, a master yoga teacher who led all those people in a half-hour class on Sunday, after the Rockies lost to the Dodgers, 1-0. "That's one of the reasons I teach yoga — it builds community and connection ...

How death metal cured my hatred for yoga
Washington Post
I have always hated yoga – an opinion I kept on the down low during my years as a health and fitness magazine editor. I wrote and edited countless stories instructing readers how to execute poses that would strengthen and slim them into yogic ...

and more »

Aerial yoga to come to Lake Zurich park
Chicago Tribune
Starting in June, Lake Zurich will play host to a series of aerial yoga classes and teacher training put on by Aviana Yoga, which is a program that trains and certifies instructors to teach aerial yoga, as well as open their own studios, should they ...

and more »

Is it worth it? Yoga
The Guardian
I have to confess that I went into yoga cocky. “It's just bending over,” I thought. “How hard can it be?” As it turns out, it's extraordinarily hard. The first pose in the workout I tried – Jillian Michaels' Yoga Meltdown – was a backward lunge. It ...

Huffington Post

How Yoga Helped Me Love My Bigger Body
Huffington Post
Today, yoga is one of the only times during the day where I'm completely attuned to the present moment. I move with power, dynamism, strength, and intention -- I allow my body to lead and flow naturally, gracefully. I rest at the end peacefully and a ...


Nats offering fans chance to stretch in the outfield on Yoga Night
The Washington Nationals are the latest team to host a Yoga Night at their ballpark, selling a special ticket that includes a 45-minute yoga instruction in the outfield after their game against the Chicago Cubs on June 7. The ticket also includes a red ...

Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 - All Rights Reserved.