Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)


The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.

YAMA(abstention)

There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.

NIYAMA(discipline)

Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.

Premansu_chand@rediffmail.com
http://www.bookstobelievein.com/questfortruth.php

  


MORE RESOURCES:

New York Times

BKS Iyengar, Who Helped Bring Yoga to the West, Dies at 95
New York Times
The New York Times reporter William J. Broad remembers B.K.S. Iyengar, who helped introduce the practice of yoga to the Western world. Iyengar, 95, died on Wednesday in the Indian city of Pune. Video Credit By Carrie Halperin on Publish Date August 20, ...
BKS Iyengar dies at 95; Indian guru helped popularize yoga in WestLos Angeles Times
India yoga guru BKS Iyengar dies aged 95BBC News
BKS Iyengar's Influence on US Yoga Studios Flows OnABC News
USA TODAY
all 407 news articles »


Wall Street Journal

Yoga Poseurs: Athletic Gear Soars, Outpacing Sport Itself
Wall Street Journal
The result is a phenomenon the apparel industry calls "athleisure"—a bright spot in a sluggish business thanks to Americans who are increasingly donning sneakers in the boardroom and yoga pants at brunch. Analysts at Barclays estimate the U.S ...

and more »


BKS Iyengar Dies At 95; Sickly Child Became Yoga Guru
NPR
Commentator Sandip Roy, an editor with Firstpost in India, has an appreciation of yogi B.K.S. Iyengar. Iyengar, who died on Wednesday, helped to introduce the practice of yoga to the Western world. Share. Facebook; Twitter. Google+. Email. Comment ...



What Is So Special About Iyengar Yoga?
New York Times (blog)
This week, the international yoga community said goodbye to a beloved teacher, B.K.S. Iyengar, who died at the age of 95. He is credited with bringing yoga to the Western world and making it accessible to every age and walk of life. To learn more about ...



Indian Yoga Guru BKS Iyengar Dies at 95
ABC News
Indian yoga guru B.K.S. Iyengar, who helped popularize yoga around the world and wrote 14 books on the subject, died Wednesday at age 95. Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar's death was reported on his website as well as by major Indian TV ...



Belleville yoga studio ignites after smoke bomb
KSDK
BELLEVILLE, Ill. (AP) - Belleville fire authorities say they've extinguished a yoga studio fire after a woman used a smoke bomb to drive squirrels out of the walls. Belleville Fire Department Chief Tom Pour tells the Belleville News-Democrat (http ...

and more »


Yogi Iyengar, Who Helped Bring Yoga To The West, Dies At 95
NPR
Audio for this story from All Things Considered will be available at approximately 7:00 p.m. ET. The man who helped popularize the practice of yoga around the world has died at the age of 95 in India. B.K.S. Iyengar had created his own brand of yoga ...



Quartz

BKS Iyengar, the man who brought yoga to the West, has just died
Quartz
Yoga guru Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar, better known as BKS, died at a hospital in Pune, India today after suffering kidney failure. The 95 year-old yogi is often called the father of modern yoga and is credited with bringing the practice ...



Guardian Liberty Voice

Yoga Makes You a Quicker, Better Thinker, Study Finds
TIME
Practice hatha yoga consistently for eight weeks and you're likely to think faster and better remember things. Stretch and do toning exercises and your brain functioning is likely to stay the same, according to a new eight-week study of more than 100 ...
Yoga Improves Mental Ability More Than Just Stretching Study SuggestsGuardian Liberty Voice
Hatha Yoga Boosts Brain FunctionsInternational Business Times AU
Yoga makes brains nimble, tooQuartz
Medical News Today -Glamour (blog) -Science World Report
all 42 news articles »


Are Subway Yoga Enthusiasts The New Subway Acrobats?
Gothamist
More and more people have been posting pictures to social media of themselves practicing yoga on their commute, which is kind of like how we do mini-exercises at work to try to avoid the painful death that sitting all day will eventually cause—except ...
'Subway yoga' becomes the latest craze in New York CityNew York's PIX11 / WPIX-TV

all 2 news articles »

Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.