Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)


The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.

YAMA(abstention)

There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.

NIYAMA(discipline)

Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.

Premansu_chand@rediffmail.com
http://www.bookstobelievein.com/questfortruth.php

  


MORE RESOURCES:

New York Post

You can do yoga at Julia Child's house
New York Post
Johnston currently lives in Avon, Colo., and works as a food- and yoga-centric retreat planner. She and her partner Evie are planning to open a cooking school at the house in 2017. Evie will teach after receiving certification from the International ...
La Pitchoune: Julia Child's French home to be turned into cooking school/yoga retreatSFGate (blog)

all 8 news articles »


WZZM13.com

Get fit: Bikram hot yoga
WZZM13.com
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WZZM) -- Jennifer Pascua, Val Lego and Alana Nehring are spicing up their workout routine with Bikram Yoga. The trio visited Bikram Yoga in Grand Rapids for a lesson. Bikram's beginning yoga class is a series of 26 postures ...



UW Badger Herald

Wil-Mar neighborhood center aggregates yoga, meditation enthusiasts
UW Badger Herald
When 30 year-old yoga enthusiasts are grouped into a room with nothing but seat cushions and a flickering candle, the imminent result is tranquil silence. On Sunday mornings, this is exactly the scene at the Wil-Mar neighborhood center on Madison's ...



Gulf Coast News Today

Namaste over there, away from the yoga
Gulf Coast News Today
However, I could view my yoga mates' poses from an aesthetic standpoint and come to the simple realization that their poses seem fluid and unforced. Mine usually resemble awkward shuffling or something not unlike having some sort of drug-induced ...



Museum hosting monthly yoga session
Huntington Herald Dispatch
HUNTINGTON - Yoga classes facilitated by Jennifer Brooks will be offered free of charge on the first Saturday of every month through June in the gallery space at the Huntington Museum of Art where the exhibit titled "Water, Water Everywhere: Paean to a ...



Odisha Sun Times

Shilpa Shetty to flaunt yoga moves in Dubai
Odisha Sun Times
Shilpa, also an entrepreneur, will showcase her passion and skills for yoga alongside yoga instructor Suneel Singh. They will host the main yoga session on February 19 morning, read a statement. The two-day festival, founded by Dubai Tourism and XDubai ...
After Baba Ramdev, Shilpa Shetty to show off her yoga skills in DubaiEmirates 24|7

all 8 news articles »


Buffalo Rising

Yogis in Service: Bringing Yoga to Every Buffalo Community
Buffalo Rising
12391245_856414034477867_1122765778962434543_n Many who practice yoga can speak to how it has improved their physical and emotional wellbeing, and also how it empowers them with an ability to pause, reflect, and make a deeper connection ...



Another Alleged Rape Victim of the Yoga Guru Breaks Her Silence
Broadly
According to multiple lawsuits and to witness testimony, at any given moment, Bikram Choudhury, the 69-year-old, hot yoga guru, will be flanked by two women massaging his hands and stroking his hair. At business meetings with his attorney, at the start ...



Rochester Democrat and Chronicle

DO IT: Beer + yoga = Brew-ga
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
Most people sip from a bottle of water during a yoga class, but Patrick Noce of Greece prefers a pint of bourbon scotch ale with his downward dog. In his second-ever yoga class, Noce, 47, joined his wife, Nicole, 39, as the pair moved from pose to pose.



WZZM13.com

Get Fit: Bikram Yoga challenge
WZZM13.com
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WZZM) -- The WZZM 13 Get Fit challenge is turning up the heat in 2016. Valerie Lego, Jennifer Pascua and Alana Nehring have started their next fitness challenge with Bikram Yoga. Bikram Yoga is a system of yoga that Bikram ...
Wwellbeing- Yoga and moreDeccan Herald

all 2 news articles »

Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.