Yoga Information

What is Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga?- Part(I)


The Sanskrit word 'Yoga' has two meaning, because it is derived from two roots - one is 'yujir yoge' and other is 'yuj samadhou'. The root 'yujir yoge' means to join or to unite. Religious leaders accept this meaning because their philosophy is based on dualism. They always try to project an external God and become Gog's representitives. By this they rule over their followers.

However the other root 'yuj samadhou' means to concentrate. Patanjali tried to preach that Yoga where mind is concentrated in order to realise the true self(svarup). Mind is concentrated when thoughts arising in mind is controlled through yogic practice. Total concentration(samadhi) is that state where mind is free from all worldly thoughts and a seer rests in his true self.

Patanjali's Yoga is called 'Ashtanga Yoga' for it is divided into eight parts or limbs. These are - Yama(abstention), Niyama(discipline), Asana(posture), Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal), Dharana(to hold), Dhyana(meditation) and Samadhi(concentration)(II.29). Yama and Niyama are the external limbs which are to be observed in social life, while others are the internal limbs which are to be practiced in order to concentrate mind.

YAMA(abstention)

There are five kinds of Yama; these are - Ahimsa(nonviolence), Satya(truth), Asteya(not to steal), Brahmancharya(to think about Brahman) and Aparigraha(not to accept)(II.30).

Ahimsa - A Yogi should give up violence and cruelty against men and animals. When one gives up violence completely in thought as well as in action and remains firm in nonviolence, animosity disappears(II.35). Then one realises the unity of all.

Satya - While leading social life, one should be truthful. He who follows truthfulness none of his actions goes in vain(II.36).

Asteya - We should not steal or plunder other's wealth. Then we learn how to lead a modest life within our income or we learn how to increase our income. For this by remaining firm on Asteya, a Yogi receives all kinds of wealth(II.37).

Brahmancharya - A Yogi who has given up violence, is truthful always and depends upon his own wealth feels greatness. He thinks about his true self or soul(atman) and its great potential. The Upanishads describe this Atman as Brahman, the ultimate reality and truth. The task of a Yogi is to bear this highest knowledge in mind and proceed further in the practice of Yoga. By bearing knowledge of Brahman firmly one achieves vigour(II.38). This vigour makes his body and mind powerful. Brahmanchrya is not abstention from sex as believed by most people. The great saints of ancient India were married and at the same time practiced Yoga and realised the ultimate truth.

Aparigraha - Aparigraha is not to accept donations, alms or bribe. When one observes Aparigraha one comes to know how to lead life in this birth(II.39). When one does not depend upon others for a livelihood, one learns how to work and earn. Those who depend upon the earnings of others fail to realise their own potential or the potential of true self.

NIYAMA(discipline)

Niyama includes - Shaucha(ablution), Shantosh(contentment), Tapa(to heat), Svadhyay(self-study) and Ishvara Pranidhan(to bear God)(II.32).

Shaucha - It is to keep the body clean. By practicing Shaucha, body is protected and is made free from foreign matter(II.40). We should take bath regularly so that foreign matter sticking to the body are washed away. Also we should keep our environment clean so that practice of Yoga becomes fruitful.

Santosh - It is to remain content and happy. A content man achieves best happiness(II.42).

Tapa - The meaning of Tapa is to heat or to rule. By practicing Tapa, impurities in the body are destroyed and the body and senses are brought under control(II.43). Yogic exercises help remove impurities deposited in various parts of the body. While Shaucha is external purification, Tapa is internal purification. Heat generated during yogic exercise causes sweating and impurities are removed through sweating. By this body becomes fresh, active, powerful, beautiful and diseasefree. One rules over such a body and its senses and proceeds further in realising true self.

Different Yoga Masters teach different yogic exercises(yogasana). My late Master Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri has developed an unique exercise called Chakrabhedan(circle interception) which is very useful for keeping body and mind under control. This may be practised by people of all ages.

Svadhyay - It is the reading of the self. One is nothing but a mind. So one should read his mind carefully. Through self-study one may understand one's own self. So how one may meet one's beloved God through self-study. This is because God is not different from one's true self.

Ishvara Pranidhan - In order to meet one's beloved God one should make oneself worthy of it. One should bear God or Godliness qualities in oneself. This is Ishvara Pranidhan. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi(II.45). Samadhi is the state of total concentration of mind on true self. Through Ishvara Pranidhan one achieves Samadhi, means one attains total concentration of mind on true self and meets one's beloved God.

Other limbs of Yoga shall be described in the next article.

Author is a desciple of Late Munishvar Shiv kumar Shastri who established Muni Samaj. The desire of Author is to spread true spiritualism and yoga worldwide. He has published a book 'Quest for truth: the spiritual and yogic way' recently.

Premansu_chand@rediffmail.com
http://www.bookstobelievein.com/questfortruth.php

  


MORE RESOURCES:

Mat-Su Valley Frontiersman

Wasilla studio expands with free yoga class for vets
Mat-Su Valley Frontiersman
Since opening her studio in downtown Wasilla seven years ago, Ransom has added an array of classes to challenge yoga students of all levels, she said. Classes include intro to yoga, beginning, gentle, advanced beginning, hot yoga and radiant yoga.



Shore News Today

A yoga for everyone in Ocean City
Shore News Today
OCEAN CITY — Golden Buddha Yoga, the city's newest yoga studio opened recently at 910 Asbury Ave., just a stone's throw away from Grace and Glory Yoga at 920 Asbury. Just down the street in the 700 block, Yoga Ginger made its debut as a studio last ...



Today.com

How to avoid pilling in yoga pants: 6 athletic wear questions answered
Today.com
Though they range in cost, some of the highest quality yoga pants today are sold for as much as $340, making them comparable in price to household items such as area rugs and even a three-piece outdoor furniture set. The industry that is rapidly ...



St. Cloud Times

Event brings yoga festival to Minnesota
St. Cloud Times
RICHMOND – For years, Jeanna Hensler looked longingly at photos on Facebook of yoga festivals around the country. The 39-year-old Minneapolis native is an avid practicer of hoop yoga, or using hula hoops to “move in a joyful way.” Hensler would follow ...



WJLA

Working Women: Veteran creates new community with Yoga studio near Fort Belvoir
WJLA
ARLINGTON, Va. (WJLA) -- If you don't think Yoga and the military are a natural match, meet Suzie Mills. A veteran who served in Afghanistan and spent six more years working in IT in the Air Force Reserves, Mills felt something was missing. “When I was ...
Events to keep you healthy in Fort Myers, NaplesThe News-Press

all 2 news articles »


Huffington Post

Stunning Photos From Around The World Bring Yoga Poses To Life
Huffington Post
Every artist has his or her own muse or source of inspiration. Fernanda Olivier was Picasso's, Clizia was Italian poet Eugenio Montale's; the interplay of light was Monet's; and ballerinas were Degas'. Alessandro Sigismondi discovered a fertile space ...



Huffington Post

Calf and Forearm Openers for AcroYoga, Climbing + More
Huffington Post
Yoga, a complex ancient system of knowledge continually expanded upon and advanced, is often called a "science." But let's face it, it's not rocket science--or anything close. Still popular Los Angeles yoga teacher Scott Lewicki's NASA day job seems to ...



Washington Times

Yoga philosopher brings lessons to Ketchikan
Washington Times
ADVANCE FOR SUNDAY JULY 26, 2015, AND THEREAFTER- In this Thursday, July 16, 2015 photo, yoga philosopher Ram Vakkalanka answers questions in Ketchikan, Alaska. Vakkalanka said he hopes he is presenting Ketchikan residents with “a ...

and more »


Hartford Courant

About 1800 Gather In West Hartford For Outdoor Yoga
Hartford Courant
"We are here to support each other, not knock ourselves down," West Hartford Yoga owner Barbara Ruzansky said to the crowd, gently placing her hands on an woman's back to lengthen her stretch. About 50 yoga studios from around the state gathered to ...
West Hartford Yoga presents OM Street July 25West Hartford News

all 3 news articles »


The New Science on the Health Benefits of Yoga
Huffington Post
Retired from his private medical practice, Sarkar is now a yoga teacher and clinical researcher focusing on yoga's many health rewards. To help deliver his findings to his physician friends, he founded a course called Yoga Therapy for Medical ...


Google News

Article List | Index | Site Map
All logos, trademarks and articles on this site are property and copyright of their respective owner(s).
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest is Copyright © 2006 CanadaSEEK.com - All Rights Reserved.